Agba

Latin name: Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum

 

Also known as: moboron, tola, tola branca, white tola (Angola), ntola, mutsekamambole (Zaire)


Wood Type:

Hardwood

Durability:

Moderately durable

Treatability:

Difficult, Easy (Sapwood)

Moisture Movement:

Small

Density (mean, Kg/m³):

510

Texture:

Medium

Availability:

Limited availability at specialist timber merchant

Price:

Medium

Sizes:

Large

Chemical Properties:

Gum exudation may be troublesome

Use(s):

Joinery - Exterior, Joinery - Interior, Furniture, Flooring

Colour(s):

Reddish brown

Notes on terms used navigation-arrow

Introduction

This species should not be confused with tchitola (Oxystigma, Sindora and Oxyphyllum spp.), sometimes also known as tola, tola manfuta etc.

 

Environmental

Not listed in CITES. Believed available from well-managed sources. Check certification status with suppliers.Listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as EN – Endangered: at very high risk of extinction.

 

Distribution

It is found in West Africa, mainly in the western province of Nigeria, but also is found in Angola and Zaire.

 

The tree

Agba is one of the largest trees of West Africa where it is found in the rain forests. The trunk is cylindrical and free from buttresses; in fact, sometimes the trunk has the appearance of a round log set on end, with no root swelling at the base. The tree is extremely tall and often clear of branches to over 30m, the diameter frequently being 1.5m to 2m. The bark is thin, greyish, smooth and often showing spiral twisting. If the trunk is wounded or notched, thick gum or oleo-resin exudes which hardens to large lumps. There is considerable variation in respect of gum, some logs being practically free while others contain large quantities.

 

The timber

There is little difference in colour between the sapwood and the heartwood, the latter is slightly darker but the line of demarcation is somewhat indefinite. The wood varies from yellowish-pink to reddish brown (like a light coloured mahogany). Generally, it strongly resembles mahogany in grain etc. but is less lustrous and paler in colour. The texture is fine and the timber is fairly hard. Particularly when freshly cut the surfaces tend to be gummy. The weight is about 510 kg/m³ when dried.

 

Drying

The timber can be dried fairly rapidly with very little tendency to warp or split. Some gum exudation is likely to occur, especially in pieces containing the pith, and for this reason, very high temperatures should be avoided.

 

Strength

Agba is highly resistant to crushing strains; it compares favourably with Honduras mahogany, being about half as tough again and equal in crushing strength, though somewhat less stiff. Brittleheart is often extensive, particularly in large logs. The affected timber is considerably weaker than normal wood, and careful selection is necessary where strength is a requirement.

 

Working qualities

Good - Agba is easy to work with most hand and machine tools; sometimes there is a slight tendency for saws to stick owing to the gumminess of the wood. An excellent finish can be obtained and the wood has good nailing, screwing and gluing properties. It produces good veneer by slicing, but the logs should not be steamed, or the veneer dried under high temperature, because the wood will gum under these conditions. Generally, agba is similar to Honduras mahogany in working qualities, but usually milder to work. It takes stain and polish well.

Suppliers

Fleming Buildbasenavigation-arrow

Grangemouth

Gilmour & Aitken Limitednavigation-arrow

Alexandria

International Timbernavigation-arrow

Manchester

N H G Timber Limitednavigation-arrow

Croydon

Suppliers

N H G Timber Limitednavigation-arrow

Croydon

International Timbernavigation-arrow

Manchester

Gilmour & Aitken Limitednavigation-arrow

Alexandria

Fleming Buildbasenavigation-arrow

Grangemouth