Structural use of hardwoods
Although the vast majority of structural timber in the UK is softwood, there is a significant interest in hardwoods from both temperate and tropical regions for structural applications. When using hardwoods in structures, the specifier may need to take more interest in the species, its origin and its moisture condition than would be the case in the routine specification of softwoods.
The term hardwood designates wood from angiosperm trees, which are flowering broad-leaved trees with enclosed seeds called fruit. Hardwood trees have a natural distribution that extends throughout the tropical and subtropical regions to the outer edges of the northern and southern temperate zones, although the range of species varies tremendously between continents and regions.
This Wood Information Sheet (WIS) covers a number of topics relating to the structural use of hardwoods including the strength properties of some of the most common hardwood species, the drying and storing process and some of the more service condition and durability factors which must be considered when specifying the species.
- Wood drying and storing
- Specifying hardwoods
- Structural design with hardwoods
- Determining structural design values
This Wood Information Sheet was revised in March 2020. Minor amendments have been made to remove references to the long-withdrawn BS 5268. The References section has also been updated.
One of the most important factors affecting the performance and properties of wood is its moisture content. The amount of water present in wood can affect its weight, strength, workability, susceptibility to biological attack and dimensional stability in a particular end use.
We estimate that over 80% of...
This sheet sets out the properties of 140 timber species commonly used in the UK. A brief overview of the properties a specifier should consider is followed by a reference table that can be used to help with species selection or to determine species with comparable properties when alternatives are...
Timber is an internationally traded material and the UK has
traditionally imported timber from a wide range of countries, as
well as producing its own. A large range of sizes are available
throughout Europe, with individual countries having different
traditions as to the sizes in common use.
This Wood Information...