Introduction to wood-based panel products

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Wood-based panel products are sheet materials that contain a significant amount of wood in the form of strips, veneers, chips, strands or fibres. The categories described in this Wood Information Sheet (WIS) are:

  • Plywoods
  • Particleboards
  • Oriented strand board (OSB)
  • Fibre building boards


Within each of the above categories are a number of specific panel types and grades. Some of these are defined in BS EN product standards while others are made to commercial specifications.

This WIS is an overview of wood-based panels with signposts to more detailed information sources that are listed at the end. It outlines the manufacture and characteristics of the basic types and also indicates some of the speciality products derived from them.



  • Types of wood-based panels
  • CE marking and harmonised standards
  • Structural design
  • Veneer plywood
  • Wood core plywood
  • Wood particleboard
  • Cement-bonded particleboard
  • Oriented strand board
  • Fibre building boards


This Wood Information Sheet was revised in December 2020. Changes include:

  • removal of reference BS 5268
  • additional reference to BS EN 636
  • new section on construction plywood
  • amendments to the performance of plywood
  • additional detail on wood particleboard applications
  • amendments to the performance of OSB.



Suggested Reading

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