Summary of selected research papers presented at Wood is Good
As part of its 75th Anniversary the Institute of Wood Science and Technology (IWST), Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), India, organised and hosted this conference.
IWST, acting under the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education, Ministry of Environment, and government department for Forests and Climate Change, conducts research on wood science at a national level and is a centre of excellence for wood science research. Visit http://iwst.icfre.gov.in/index.html.
Some 93 papers were presented over two days on topics relating to the science and technology of wood in the standing tree, as processed and at the microscopic level in the cell wall. In addition, papers were presented on the demand and utilization of timber, timber product trade and the role that wood can play in helping alleviate climate change. Papers were presented by researchers from Asia, N. America and New Zealand.
Dr Andrew Pitman, BM TRADAs Technical Business Development Manager, was invited by Dr Krishna Pandey, the Conference Organising Secretary, to Chair the Wood Protection session and help judge the poster presentations. Dr Pandey is a wood technologist who has collaborated with Dr Pitman over many years to better understand the influence of wood weathering and decay on the changes in wood chemistry.
This conference provided an excellent opportunity to understand issues facing wood users globally and better understand some of the technologies being developed and evaluated at research institutes outside of the UK. Over 150 delegates from 8 countries attended.
In terms of general themes arising, the papers dealt with novel and often non-destructive techniques for examining wood properties either in standing trees, as converted wood or within regions of the wood cell wall. This type of research enables better decisions to be made about harvesting for specific end-uses, will prove useful in tree breeding programmes designed at improving wood quality and will allow the effects of wood-modifying chemistry to be assessed at the microscopic level. Other papers examined ways of improving wood properties using chemical and thermal modification techniques or using products derived from plants. A suite of papers dealt with the impacts of manufactured wood products on the environment through Life Cycle Assessment.
This document summarises a number of the papers presented that are of most interest to TRADA members.
Timber has been used for construction throughout history and the performance of timber in outdoor environments is well understood. It has long been known that it is possible to extend the useful life of timber through good building/construction design and by profiling wood components to shed water and dry down...
A wood floor is an environmentally sound choice when the timber sourced from sustainably managed forests like those typically found in the UK, Nordic countries, Europe, Canada and the United States.
Wood is a naturally renewable material. In Northern Europe our forests are growing with an annual surplus of...
All timber over a period of time will reach a moisture content which is in equilibrium with the temperature and humidity of the surrounding atmosphere. Moisture content measurement is based on the weight of water present in the timber and is expressed as a percentage of the dry weight of...