Wood flooring

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Timber flooring is an effective way to add character to your home. Successful installation of a wood floor depends on the right selection of the type of flooring, the species from which it is made and its construction and appearance.

This Choose and Use sheet contains some best practice advice on several of the key factors to creating appealing wooden floors, including the importance of specifying the correct wood to prevent moisture based shrink and swell in flooring.

The sheet also covers topics such as underfloor heating, wear resistance and the different types of wood flooring which are available to choose from.


  • Before you begin
  • Selecting the right species
  • Installation over under floor heating
  • Wear resistance
  • Thickness of the wear layer
  • Thickness of boards
  • Appearance grades
  • Installation methods
  • Types of wood flooring

Suggested Reading

Strutting in timber floorsnavigation-arrow

Strutting plays a useful role in promoting composite structural behaviour of the components that form a timber floor.

The effects of strutting are to:

  • reduce local deflections by transferring load to adjacent joists (load sharing)
  • improve joist stability by providing lateral support to joist edges
  • reduce the...

04/05/2018 |  Wood Information Sheet  

Specifying wood floor productsnavigation-arrow

Richard White puts appearance, wear resistance, environmental conditions, dimensional stability and under-floor heating into the mix when specifying wood floors.

Article from the TRADA Timber Industry Yearbook 2014

01/01/2014 |  Magazine Article  

Timber joist and deck floors - avoiding movementnavigation-arrow

This Wood Information Sheet (WIS) gives guidance specifically intended to minimize problems of movement and noise in timber floors in masonry or timber frame buildings. The guidance relates mainly to dwellings although much is applicable to floors in other building types, such as timber compartment floors in flats.


24/03/2021 |  Wood Information Sheet